Amaryl is a diabetes medicine which is taken orally to control the sugar levels of the human body. It is usually used to treat type 2 diabetes. When there is a special requirement, Amaryl is used in combination with other diabetes medicine.
How it works
Amaryl is used to treat people with type 2 diabetes, which is also called non-insulin dependent diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is generally caused due to a resistance of receptors of a hormone called insulin. So, the blood sugar levels of the patient become too high as insulin is produced inefficiently in response to the absorbed surges of blood sugar. Therefore, this medication is made with an ingredient called glimepiride which helps stimulate the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin.
The cells which produce insulin are called beta cells and Glimepiride causes the beta cells to produce more insulin which removes or reduces excess sugar from blood.
Glimepiride also helps reduce blood sugar by increasing the uptake of sugar from the blood into muscle and fat cells and reducing the production of sugar by the liver. All these actions result in the reduction of the amount of sugar in the blood of people with type 2 diabetes.
The dosage of this medicine depends on the prescription of the medical advisor. The normal maintenance adult dosage ranges from 1 mg to 4 mg. However, the initial dose is 1 mg which should be taken daily after the first main meal of the day. Based on the response, the dosage could be increased up to 2 mg. furthermore increases should be done in increments of no more than 1 mg at one week to 2 week breaks. The maximum daily dose of Amaryl is 8 mg.
The most common side effects of Amaryl are listed below. Even though these are the most common ones, everyone who consumes this medicine does not go through them. Some of the below said side effects are manageable and do not severely affect the patient. But if you get any of the serious side effects, you should immediately stop taking the medicine and see your medical advisor.
Serious Side effects
skin rashes or higher skin sensitivity when exposed to sun
bleeding indications including blood visible in urine, dark colored stool, bleeding gums, nose bleeding, retching blood
any symptoms related to high blood sugar including dry mouth or skin, recurrent urination, losing appetite, excessive thirst, tiredness, breathing troubles
indications of low blood sugar such as dizziness, vision problems, fatigue, headache, increased heartbeat, shaking, unusual hunger, excessive sweating, feeling weak etc.,
Any symptoms related to liver damage such as pain in abdomen, color change in urine, fever, losing appetite, fatigue, yellowish skin and eyes
visible swelling of the feet or hand
being tired or weak unusually
You should not take Amaryl if you:
Are allergic to glimepiride or other ingredients of this medication
Are having type one diabetes
Are pregnant or breast-feeding
Are having diabetic ketoacidosis, with or without coma