Cabgolin contains the active ingredient cabergoline which is a dopamine receptor agonist. This drug contains the inactive ingredients magnesium stearate, leucine, and lactose anhydrous. It is available for oral administration.
How it works
This medication is used to treat the imbalance in the production of the hormone prolactin in your body. Cabgolin works by resembling the functions of dopamine. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter and dopamine receptors in the pituitary gland located in the brain are accountable for the production of prolactin. This hormone is responsible for activating the production of breast milk. Some people suffer from a condition in which high levels of prolactin in the body cause breast milk to be produced excessively. This condition is known as galactorrhoea. Cabgolin is able to regulate the levels of prolactin to normalize the production of breast milk.
Cabgolin is prescribed to regulate lactation in both men and women. It is recommended for women at the event of a still birth or abortion and for women whose bodies produce excess breast milk long after child birth and for any other hyperprolactinemic disorder. This drug is also given to patients who experience abnormal menstruation patterns and have problems related to ovulation.
Cabgolin is usually available in the strength of 0.5 mg.
It is taken in amounts of 0.25 mg twice a week. Increments of 0.25 can be introduced every week up to a month. Your doctor will prescribe the amount suitable for you depending on your prolactin level. The maximum dose recommended per week is 1 mg.
Once prolactin levels in the body are normalized, this drug can be discontinued after 6 months. However, you might have to reinitiate treatment if prolactin levels increase again.
It is essential to do medical tests regularly to monitor the cardiovascular condition in your body when taking this drug. After starting treatment with cabgolin, echocardiographic monitoring is recommended once in every 6 to 12 months.
Most side effects of Cabgolin do not need medical attention. They are known to lessen with time. Listed below are the most common side effects of Cabgolin.
Strained bowel movement
Passing of gas
Weakness of body
The more serious side effects are signs of liver problems, persistent cough, swelling of ankles, chest pain, breast pain, unfamiliar strong urges such as increased sexual urge and painful menstrual bleeding.
Keep in mind that Cabgolin can also cause your blood pressure to drop sometimes.
Cabgolin must be used with caution if you can relate to any condition listen below.
Irregular patterns of blood pressure
History of mental illness
Cabgolin may react with certain medicines and incite harmful reactions in your body. Tell your doctor if you are taking any of the following medicines before taking Cabgolin.
When taking Cabgolin, to minimize the head-spinning feeling that is caused by a drop in blood pressure, avoid making any sudden and abrupt movements. If you are seated, stand up slowly to avoid unsteadiness.