Metformin is a medication used to treat type 2 diabetes. It controls high blood sugar and works best when paired with a proper diet and exercise plan.
How it works
This drug works by restoring the natural response of your body towards insulin, which you naturally produce. The medication also has the ability to reduce the level of sugar made by your liver, which is later absorbed by your stomach.
When combined with a diet and exercise program, metformin is highly useful in treating type 2 diabetes. By controlling high blood sugar, this drug prevents blindness, kidney damage, nerve problems, loss of limbs and sexual function problems. The medication also reduces your susceptibility towards heart attacks and strokes. Furthermore, the medication is also used to make menstrual cycles more regular and to increase fertility.
Metformin is generally taken 1-3 times a day, by mouth. This drug is usually consumed with food. Unless your physician says otherwise, it is important increase your water consumption while taking this medication.
The dosage will be based on the uniqueness of your condition and the way you respond to the treatment. The physician will consider the other medications you might be taking as well. Therefore, make sure to inform your physician about all the medications that you are currently taking. To reduce the risk of possible side effects, your healthcare provider might prescribe you a low dosage at first. So, it is important to stick to the given prescription at all times.
If you wish to experience the best benefits of this medication, take it regularly. If you keep forgetting your doses, take the doses at the same time every day. This will prevent you from accidently missing them.
It is important for you to be aware of the following side effects since they are likely to occur during the course of the treatment.
Metallic taste in the mouth
Apart from these symptoms, you might also experience low blood sugar levels. So, keep an eye on the following symptoms.
If you experience the above, immediately inform your healthcare provider before the condition deteriorates.
The precautionary methods listed below must be adhered to during the entire treatment period.
If you have any allergies or if you are allergic to metformin, inform your physician beforehand.
Inform your physician about your medical history, especially if you suffered from liver disease, kidney disease or breathing problems.
Due to extremely low or high blood sugar levels, you can experience dizziness, blurred vision and drowsiness. Therefore, avoid driving and operating machinery.
Reduce alcohol consumption since it can increase the chances of developing low blood sugar.
Drink plenty of water since water pills are known to cause dehydration as a result on sweating.
Be careful when giving this medication to older adults as they are more vulnerable towards side effects such as low blood sugar.
If you are planning to take this medication during the period of pregnancy, make sure to consult a physician first.
Metformin can be passed on to breast milk in small quantities. Therefore, it is best to avoid nursing during the treatment period.