Minocycline is a broad spectrum tetracycline antibiotic that can treat certain types of bacterial infections in the body.
How It Works
Minocycline, unlike penicillin, is not a naturally derived antibiotic. It was synthesized in lab in 1966 based on natural antibiotics.
Tetracycline antibiotics like Minocycline can kill bacteria that do not have a cell wall. This antibiotic can block the synthesis of proteins inside a bacterial cell. When the cell can no longer produce vital proteins, the bacterium dies.
Minocycline is considered a broad spectrum antibiotic because the medication can treat a number of conditions from acne to the Bubonic plague.
Minocycline is prescribed as an antibiotic for a variety of infections. Most commonly, this antibiotic is prescribed to treat respiratory tract infections like pneumonia, severe acne, and bacterial infection on skin, genital region and the urinary system.
Some doctors may prescribe Minocycline to relieve symptoms of meningitis, such as swelling of tissues surrounding the brain. In these cases, presence of bacteria is not considered relevant.
Minocycline can only kill bacteria. This drug is not effective against treating viral infections like the seasonal flu.
Minocycline may be available as a tablet, capsule or a pellet-filled capsule. The exact dosage will vary depending on your condition.
Patients should take Minocycline twice a day with 12-hour intervals. At maximum, Minocycline can be prescribed to up to four times a day.
You must take Minocycline on an empty stomach. Wait one to two hours after each dose before eating anything. You can drink a glass of water when taking the pill.
It’s very important to take this antibiotic exactly as prescribed, between even dosage intervals for a set period of time. Do not skip doses or make sudden changes to dosage level. You may increase the risk for antibiotic resistance and severe side effects.
Tablets must be swallowed whole. Breaking or crushing tablets will release the full dose at once, making aide effects worse.
You may experience any one of the following side effects with Minocycline:
Dizziness or lightheadedness
Redness of the skin like a sunburn
Changes in skin color
Hearing loss or ringing in your ears
Itching of the rectum or vagina
Furry darkening or black discoloration of the tongue
Call your doctor if side effects do not disappear over time or continue to last more than three days.
Some side effects can be serious. Immediately seek medical care if you experience severe headache, blurred vision, skin rashes or nausea.
Do not take Minocycline if you are allergic to active or inactive ingredients in the drug.
Some drugs may react adversely with Minocycline. Tell your doctor if you are on any other medication, supplements or vitamins when taking Minocycline. Blood thinners, cholesterol lowering medication, acetaminophen (Tylenol), antacids, and niacin and iron products can particularly react badly with Minocycline.
Minocycline may not be safe for you in regular doses if you have a history of kidney disease, diabetes or liver disease.
Certain antacids, iron products, laxatives containing magnesium and calcium supplements may cause Minocycline to be less effective. You must wait 2 to 3 hours between taking Minocycline and consuming any of these products.
Drink plenty of water and liquids to avoid dehydration if Minocycline causes diarrhea.