Propranolol is a prescription medication used to treat high blood pressure and related issues.
How It Works
Propranolol is called a beta blocker, which is a class of drugs that affect the function of the heart, lungs and other parts of the body. The exact mechanism of action of Propranolol is not known. This drug has beta blocking properties, so it can reduce the workload and strain on the heart, especially when blood pressure is high. Propranolol can control heart rhythm, prevent irregular heartbeat, prevent the occurrence of chest pain and relieve blood pressure to alleviate migraine headaches.
Propranolol is mainly used to treat high blood pressure. It’s also commonly prescribed to treat chest pain (angina), uneven heart beat and is used as prevention mediation for migraine headaches. In babies with infantile hemangioma, Propranolol may be used to manage tremors associated with the disease. This medication is sometimes prescribed to treat symptoms associated with problems in the thyroid or adrenal glands. Propranolol may be prescribed to you to increase your chances of survival following a heart attack.
Propranolol is the generic version of this medication. It may also be available under brand names like Inderal. Propranolol is available as oral tablets, extended release capsules, and oral liquid solution.
Dosage of this medication varies depending on the condition you are being treated for, your body’s response to treatment, age, weight and other factors. Your doctor will prescribe you the most suitable dosage.
Read the patient information leaflet provided with the packaging before you start using this medication.
Follow your doctor’s instructions exactly for the treatment to work.
Take Propranolol the same time each day to help you remember your doses. Do not miss doses. If you miss a dose, take it only if the next dose is not due soon. Never take double doses of this medication.
Do not crush or chew extended release capsules. These capsules are meant to be slowly absorbed by the body. If you break the capsules, your body will absorb the medication at once, thereby putting you at risk for severe side effects.
Use a medical measuring spoon or a device to measure the doses of liquid Propranolol. Do not use household spoons or similar utensils.
Taking Propranolol may cause you to experience any of the following side effects:
Weakness or tiredness
Slower heart rate
Change in sex drive or performance
Side effects are usually mild and go away on their own. However, do report to your doctor if side effects get worse or continue to persist.
Do not take Propranolol if you are allergic to any of the ingredients in the drug.
Do not take Propranolol if you have asthma or other breathing problems. Propranolol may make your asthma worse.
Propranolol can mask signs of hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar. If you have diabetes when you take this drug, you may not notice when your blood sugar level gets dangerously low. Therefore, diabetic patients are advised to use Propranolol with caution.
Propranolol is not recommended for use during pregnancy, or when planning to get pregnant.
Do not suddenly stop taking Propranolol. It may make your condition worse. Tell your doctor if you need to stop taking this medication.
If Propranolol causes you to be drowsy, do not drive or engage in potentially dangerous activities that require you to be alert.